Tinnitus is when you experience ringing or other noises in one or both of your ears. The noise you hear when you have tinnitus isn’t caused by an external sound, and other people usually can’t hear it. Tinnitus is a common problem. It affects about 15% to 20% of people, and is especially common in older adults.
Tinnitus is most often described as a ringing in the ears, even though no external sound is present. However, tinnitus can also cause other types of phantom noises in your ears, including:
Most people who have tinnitus have subjective tinnitus, or tinnitus that only you can hear by patient.
- A number of health conditions can cause or worsen tinnitus. In many cases, an exact cause is never found.
- Common causes of tinnitus:
- Hearing loss.
- Ear infection or ear canal blockage.
- Head or neck injuries.
- Meniere’s disease.
- Eustachian tube dysfunction.
- Ear bone changes.
- Muscle spasms in the inner ear.
- Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.
- Acoustic neuroma or other head and neck tumors.
- Blood vessel disorders.
- Other chronic conditions.
- Thyroid problems
- Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus
Tinnitus affects people differently. For some people, tinnitus can significantly affect quality of life. If you have tinnitus, you may also experience:
- Sleep problems
- Trouble concentrating
- Memory problems
- Anxiety and irritability
- Problems with work and family life
Treatment for Tinnitus as per Ayurveda:
- Becaue Vata is the controlling Dosha of the ears, Vata pacification treatment is indicated.
- Ghrita Pana – Administration of cow ghee, in a dose of 1 – 2 teaspoon per day, pacifies Vata and improves the strength of the nerves.
- Rasayana – Anti ageing therapies.
- Snehana – Applying oil, around the ear and to the scalp Bilve taila, Kshara taila, Ksheerabala taila administered.
- Shamana oushadha – Medicines which pacify Vata are helpful to relieve the complaint of Tinnitus.
- Treating the underlying disease causing tinnitus – Treatment for depression, hyperthyroidism, high BP.
- Single herbs useful in Tinnitus:
- Paribhadra – Erythrina indica
- Bala – Sida cordifolia
- Sariva – Hemidesmus indicus
- Amalaki (Amla) – Emblica officinalis
- Gokshura – Tribulus terrestris
- Yashtimadhu – Glycyrrhiza glabra (Indian liquorice)
Ayurvedic formulation used in Tinnitus:
- Sarivadi Vati
- Sapthamritha loha
- Bilva taila – Abyanga and karna Poorana
- Mashabaladi Kashava
- Dhanadanayanadi kashaya
- Gardarvahasthadi kashava
- Maharasnadi Kashayam
- Ashtavarga kashayam
- Dhanadanavanadi Kashayam
- Dhanvanthara Kashayam
- Dashamoola kashaya
- Dhanvantara Gulika
- Maha Vatavidhwansa rasa
- Ekangaveera Rasa
- Vatagajankusha rasa
- Brihat vata Chintamani
- Sameerapannaga rasa
- Dhanvantara Gritham
- Guggulu thiktaka Gritham
- Ashwagandadi Gritham
Wholesome diets and habits in Tinnitus:
- Vishrama – Rest
- Snehana – Oleation (Application of oil to the scalp)
- Ghrita pana – Intake of ghee along with food
- Ksheera paka – Medicated milk
- Kavala and Gandoosha – (Oil pulling and retention of oil in the oral cavity) etc.
Unwholesome diet and habits
- Vyayama – Heavy exercise
- Sheeta jala snana – Cold water head bath
- Bhashana – Prolonged speech
- Vatala Ahara – Vatic food and habits
- Ratri jagarana – Night awakening
- Kashaya- Tiktatisevana – Food and beverages possessing bitter and astringent taste
In many cases, tinnitus is the result of something that can’t be prevented. However, some precautions can help prevent certain kinds of tinnitus.
- Use hearing protection. Over time, exposure to loud sounds can damage the nerves in the ears, causing hearing loss and tinnitus. Try to limit your exposure to loud sounds. And if you cannot avoid loud sounds, use ear protection to help protect your hearing.
- If you use chain saws, are a musician, work in an industry that uses loud machinery or use firearms (especially pistols or shotguns), always wear over-the-ear hearing protection.
- Turn down the volume. Long-term exposure to amplified music with no ear protection or listening to music at very high volume through headphones can cause hearing loss and tinnitus.
- Take care of your cardiovascular health. Regular exercise, eating right and taking other steps to keep your blood vessels healthy can help prevent tinnitus linked to obesity and blood vessel disorders.
- Limit alcohol, caffeine and nicotine. These substances, especially when used in excess, can affect blood flow and contribute to tinnitus.
- Avoid hearing loud music, loud noises, and headphones. For example, while travelling in a vehicle, keep the windows closed.
- When you are surrounded by loud noise, as in a sport event, club etc, wear hearing protection or some cloth band covering ears, to protect your ears from the noises.
- Stress worsens tinnitus. Hence, follow relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, drinking a cup of water, talking to your friend etc, while under stress.
- Caffeine may worsen it. Avoid it.
- Avoid aspirin or aspirin products in large quantities.
- Stress management in patients often results in decrease or cure of tinnitus.
- For those who experience tinnitus while asleep, sound of fan or radio may act as counter noise, helping to relieve the buzzing sound.
- Smokers and alcoholics have high risk tinnitus, so quit them.
- Sleeping problems worsen it. Hence sleep